Both achievements remain records to this day, with no other golfer having won three US Opens in a row, and only three other golfersâ€”Bobby Jones, Ben Hogan and Jack Nicklausâ€”having equalled his total of four.
Born in North Berwick, Scotland, Anderson, at the age of 17, emigrated to the US in 1896 with his father and brother, and the following year finished runner-up in the US Open.
As well as being a fine competitor, he was a full-time golf professional, working at ten clubs during his 14 years in the US.
During those years he contested in every US Open from 1897 to 1910, and never finished worse than 15th.
He tragically died in 1910 at the age of 31, and was inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame in 1975.